Supercentenarians in the World

This is a list of tables of the oldest people, supercentenarians in the world in ordinal ranks. By definition, a supercentenarian is someone who has achieved 110 years.

One of the key issues is verification. Many people claim to be very old, but dont have proof. One hundred years ago, in many countries, birth certificates did not exist. To avoid including false or unconfirmed claims of extreme old age, names here are restricted to those people whose ages have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) or Guinness World Records (GWR), and others who have otherwise been reliably sourced.

According to this criterion, the longest human lifespan is that of Jeanne Calment of France (1875–1997), who lived to the age of 122 years, 164 days. She met Vincent van Gogh when she was 12 or 13.[1] She received news media attention in 1985, after turning 110. Subsequent investigation found documentation for Calment’s age, beyond any reasonable question, in the records of her native city, Arles, France.[2] More evidence of Calment’s lifespan has been produced than for any other supercentenarian, such that her case serves as an archetype in the methodology for verifying the ages of the world’s oldest people.[3]

As women live longer than men on average, combined records for both sexes are predominated by women. The longest undisputed lifespan for a man is that of Jiroemon Kimura of Japan (1897–2013), who died at age 116 years, 54 days.

Since the death of 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako of Japan on 22 July 2018, 115-year-old Kane Tanaka, also of Japan, born 2 January 1903, is today the oldest living women in the world whose age has been documented.

Since the death of 113-year-old Francisco Núñez Olivera of Spain on 29 January 2018, 113-year-old Masazō Nonaka of Japan, born 25 July 1905, is the world’s oldest verified living man. So the Japanese presently have the lead in both gender categories.

The ten verified supercentenarians who have been validated

Systematic verification of longevity has only been practiced in recent decades and only in certain parts of the world. All ten of these people below are women. They are the super longevity winners. True, many claims exist that surpass Jeanne Calment’s 122 years, including in the Bible. But in terms of hard evidence, these ten women are the only ones ever who have been proven to have lived a supercentenarian life.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age [**] Country of death or residence
1 Jeanne Calment[1] F 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days France
2 Sarah Knauss[4] F 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days United States
3 Nabi Tajima[5] F 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Japan
4 Lucy Hannah[6] F 16 July 1875 21 March 1993 117 years, 248 days United States
5 Marie-Louise Meilleur[7] F 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days Canada
6 Violet Brown[5] F 10 March 1900 15 September 2017 117 years, 189 days Jamaica
7 Emma Morano[5] F 29 November 1899 15 April 2017 117 years, 137 days Italy
8 Chiyo Miyako[8] F 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Japan
9 Misao Okawa[5] F 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Japan
10 María Capovilla[9] F 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days Ecuador
Rank Name Birth date Death date Age [**] Country of death or residence
1 Jiroemon Kimura[10][11] 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Japan
2 Christian Mortensen[11] 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days United States[a]
3 Emiliano Mercado del Toro[11] 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days Puerto Rico
4 Mathew Beard[11] 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days United States
5 Walter Breuning[12] 21 September 1896 14 April 2011 114 years, 205 days United States
6 Yukichi Chuganji[13] 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Japan
7 Joan Riudavets[14] 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days Spain
8 Fred H. Hale, Sr.[15] 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 113 years, 354 days United States
9 Yisrael Kristal[5][16] 15 September 1903 11 August 2017 113 years, 330 days Israel[b]
10 Johnson Parks[11] 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 113 years, 275 days United States

a Mortensen was born in Denmark.
b. Kristal was born in Poland, then a part of the Russian Empire.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Age as of 24 November 2018 Country of residence
1 Kane Tanaka[5] F 2 January 1903 115 years, 326 days Japan
2 Maria Giuseppa Robucci[5] F 20 March 1903 115 years, 249 days Italy
3 Shimoe Akiyama[5] F 19 May 1903 115 years, 189 days Japan
4 Lucile Randon[5] F 11 February 1904 114 years, 286 days France
5 Shin Matsushita[5] F 30 March 1904 114 years, 239 days Japan
6 Maria Vikentyevna Kononovich[17] F 27 May 1904 114 years, 181 days Belarus
7 Gabrielle Valentine des Robert[5] F 4 June 1904 114 years, 173 days France
8 Lessie Brown[5] F 22 September 1904 114 years, 63 days United States
9 Maggie Kidd[18] F 8 December 1904 113 years, 351 days United States
10 Jeanne Bot[5] F 14 January 1905 113 years, 314 days France

The Longest Living Males

For the guys, Japan is the winner and the US number two. No French male reached supercentenarians. One of the those factors is tobacco. In the old times, it was not seen “convenable” by those who decree the cultural Codes for French women to smoke.

Rank Name Birth date Age as of 24 November 2018 Country of residence
1 Masazō Nonaka[5] 25 July 1905 113 years, 122 days Japan
2 Gustav Gerneth[19] 15 October 1905 113 years, 40 days Germany[a]
3 Richard Arvin Overton[5] 11 May 1906 112 years, 197 days United States
4 Tsunahei Ogawa[20] 9 January 1907 111 years, 319 days Japan
5 Shivakumara Swami[21] 1 April 1907 111 years, 237 days India
6 Yoshikazu Yamashita[22] 10 April 1907 111 years, 228 days Japan
7 C. P. Crawford[23] 25 August 1907 111 years, 91 days United States
8 Qin Hanzhang[24] 19 February 1908 110 years, 278 days China[b]
9 Carl Mattsson[25] 7 March 1908 110 years, 262 days Sweden
10 Gerhart Schneider[26] 13 March 1908 110 years, 256 days Germany

a Gerneth was born in Stettin, then part of the German Empire; it is now named Szczecin and located in Poland.
b Hanzhang was born in Wuxi, then part of the Imperial China, now People’s Republic of China.

References

  1.  Whitney, Craig R. (5 August 1997). “Jeanne Calment, World’s Elder, Dies at 122″. The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  2. Robine, Jean-Marie; Allard, Michel (1999). Jeanne Calment: Validation of the Duration of Her Life. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark.
  3. Shaw, Michael D. (1 December 2008). “You Say You Want to Live for a Long Time?”. Health News Digest.
  4. “World’s oldest person misses millennium”. BBC. 31 December 1999. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  5.  “Validated Living Supercentenarians”. Gerontology Research Group.
  6. Maier, Heiner (2010). Supercentenarians. Springer. p. 249. ISBN 3-642-11519-5.
  7. “Marie-Louise Meilleur, 117; Listed as Oldest Person in World”. Los Angeles Times. 18 April 1998. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  8.  “Oldest person title officially achieved by 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako before her death”. 26 July 2018.
  9.  “World’s oldest woman dies at 116″. BBC. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  10.  “World’s oldest man ever passes away aged 116″. Guinness World Records. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  11. “Table M – World’s Oldest Men (WOM) Titleholders Since 1973″. grg.org. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  12.  Walter Breuning, world’s oldest man, dies in Montana at age 114 Archived 29 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  13.  ‘World’s oldest man dies aged 114”, BBC News, 29 September 2003″. BBC News. 2003-09-29. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  14. “Joan Riudavets-Moll, 114; World’s Oldest Man”. LA Times. 8 March 2004. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  15. ‘World’s oldest man dies aged 113”, BBC News, 20 November 2004″. BBC News. 2003-09-29. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  16.  “Guinness: Holocaust survivor, 112, named world’s oldest man”. CBS News, 11 March 2016
  17.  “Как живется старейшей жительнице Беларуси”. Беларусь Сегодня (in Russian). 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2018-05-12.
  18. Oldest living Georgia resident turns 113
  19. “Deutschlands wohl ältester Mann 113 Jahre alt geworden”. welt.de (in German). 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  20.  “平成30年度 長崎県の長寿者の状況について” [2018 status report on longevity in Nagasaki prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). 1 September 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  21.  “PM greets Shivakumara Swami of Siddaganga Mutt on his 110th Birthday”. www.uniindia.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  22. “平成 30 年度百歳以上高齢者の状況等について” [About centenarians in Hiroshima Prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Hiroshima Prefecture. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  23. “Lansing’s oldest resident celebrates 111th birthday”. 24 August 2018.
  24.  “110岁酒界泰斗秦含章:他用超过百年的精气神,仍然影响现在每一个中国酒业人” (in Chinese). kuaibao.qq.com. 2018-03-06. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  25.  “Sveriges äldsta man fyller 110 år”. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2018
  26. https://www.rundschau-online.de/region/kreis-euskirchen/bad-muenstereifel-archiv/mit-sachertorte-von-heino-gerhart-schneider-feiert-110–geburtstag-in-bad-muensteifel-29874976 See: “Table C – World’s Oldest Person (WOP) Titleholders Since 1955″. Revision #12. Gerontology Research Group. July 31, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018 “Ústav pro českou literaturu”, Rudé právo, Prague, p. 2, 6 May 196. See “Table M – World’s Oldest Men (WOM) Titleholders Since 1973″. Revision #8. Gerontology Research Group. April 10, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.

 

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