On and off telomerase switch for aging cells discovered

Scientists at the Salk Institute have discovered an on-and-off “switch” in aging cells. In a  study published September 19 2014, in the journal Genes and Development, scientists at the Salk Institute have discovered that telomerase, even when present, can be turned off.
“Previous studies had suggested that once assembled, telomerase is available whenever it is needed,” says senior author Vicki Lundblad, professor and holder of Salk’s Ralph S. and Becky O’Connor Chair. “We were surprised to discover instead that telomerase has what is in essence an ‘off’ switch, whereby it disassembles.”
Understanding how this “off” switch can be manipulated–thereby slowing down the telomere shortening process–could lead to treatments for diseases of aging (for example, regenerating vital organs later in life).
This study showed that immediately after the full telomerase complex has been assembled, it rapidly disassembles to form an inactive “disassembly” complex, essentially flipping the switch into the “off” position. This disassembly pathway may provide a means of keeping telomerase at exceptionally low levels inside the cell, which can be useful to minimize the cancer risks.

 

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Journal Reference:
T. M. Tucey, V. Lundblad. Regulated assembly and disassembly of the yeast telomerase quaternary complex. Genes & Development, 2014.
2015 Copyright. All rights reserved. Optimal Longevity Institute and Christian Joubert. But the viewer is free to share this blog provided the author, the blog and the FB fan page are invoked in the attribution.
Disclaimer. This blog is educational and nothing therein should be construed to be medical advise.

Ch. Joubert was trained in Conventional, Traditional Chinese and Naturopathic medicine and has been specializing in longevity science and biogerontology for over twenty years. He is presently working on a new book on Holistic Medicine and Biogerontology, whose content invokes the compelling evidence that supports the following assertion: humans have been genetically designed to live a happy and healthy lifespan to at least 120 years. On this age limit, both evolution-based Science (Cf the Hayflick's limit) and the Bible (Genesis 6:3) concur. The “Joie de Vivre” Vibe that can eradicate today’s chronic disease epidemics and un-necessary suffering is thus within reach. See link on mission for more details.

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